Grade Level Reading Expectations - Fourth Grade

Making Meaning at Text Level

  • Selects and integrates most appropriate strategies for reading a particular kind of text and can explain how meaning was gained and checked
  • Uses and compares story elements and structure (plot, main idea, main and supporting characters, setting, point of view) when describing reaction to, retelling, or summarizing fiction in text
  • Identifies and uses text structure, main ideas, supporting details, text organizers, and illustrative material when summarizing or referencing nonfiction material
  • Identifies and explains similarities and differences in purpose and basic structure of different kinds of literacy and informational text, including stories, poems, articles, reports, and letters
  • Chooses appropriate ways _ either positive or negative _ of responding to a variety of printed material
  • Identifies features that indicate the author has considered the audience when presenting ideas and information
  • Views the same text from different perspectives, including those of different cultures
  • Considers the validity of information gained from text and illustration
  • Applies information from reading to give a response and express insight, for example, entering imaginatively into another time, place, or role when absorbed in a text
  • Revisits and analyzes text and illustrations for a specific purpose, including identifying story elements and literary devices
  • Compares elements of two or more texts in the same genre or by the same author or on a similar theme
  • Reads orally with increased understanding of phrasing, punctuation, content, form, and author's style

Making Meaning at Word Level

  • Uses affixes, syllables, letter clusters, and knowledge of sound and letter patterns automatically
  • Understands how words can be modified to have another function, such as adjectives and adverbs
  • Identifies the expanded form of contractions and basic abbreviations

Making Meaning Using Context

  • Understands some of the functions of word classes, including elements of tense, subject and object
  • Uses dictionary, glossary, index, table of contents, and thesaurus to check spelling, meanings, and synonyms
  • Uses appropriate vocabulary, including title, headings, paragraphs, chapter, index, and captions when referencing text
  • Uses computer menus, searches and icons
  • Understands how illustrations and graphics, including diagrams, graphs, photographs, line drawings, realistic and impressionist art, influence reading and the ideas or information gained
  • Uses index, table of contents, catalogs, files, numbering, and alphabetical organization to locate and reference material, both in text and on computer software

Reading Attitudes and Behaviors

  • Questions others about reaction to a book or to the questioner's writing or response to a text
  • Considers author, topic, theme, or genre when selecting a book
  • Sustains silent reading and pursues tasks for longer periods
(Information, task, career)
Text Features
New to
Grade Level
  • Comics, Cartoons
  • Historical and contemporary fiction (Novels, Short stories)
  • Autobiographies
  • Atlases
  • Newspaper reports
  • Magazines
  • Magazine articles
  • Memos
  • Directories, Phone books
  • Business letters
  • Schedules
  • Directions
  • Codes
  • Abbreviations
  • Dash
  • Appendices
  • Computer menus, searches, icons
  • Foreword
  • Narratives - realistic, fantasy, traditional folktales, legends, fables, myths, and tall tales
  • Songs
  • Letters (personal and functional)
  • Diaries Poetry - rhymed, unrhymed
  • Plays
  • Proverbs, Sayings
  • Essays
  • Magazines
  • Nonfiction texts should include science, social studies, math, the arts, health, fitness, and technology.
  • Procedural and technical texts
  • Exposition Reports
  • Dictionaries
  • Informational posters
  • Encyclopedias
  • Almanacs
  • Thesaurus
  • Brochures
  • Diaries / Journals
  • Biographies
  • Speeches
  • Interviews
  • Advertisements
  • Essays
  • Labels
  • Captions
  • Story maps
  • Charts
  • Table of Contents
  • Glossary
  • Diagrams
  • Maps and map keys/scales
  • Chapter headings
  • Acknowledgements
  • Blurbs
  • Index
  • Introductions
  • Timetables
  • Parentheses
  • References
  • Footnotes
  • Checklists
  • Subheadings
  • Tables
  • Asterisk
  • Graphs
  • Paragraphs
  • Dialogue
  • Quotation marks